Research & Consulting

Our Research Tools

ABOUT OUR services


Simulation projects

By using sophisticated simulation tools, transit agencies can explore the operational, environmental and economic benefits of electric buses, optimizing routes and charging infrastructure for a sustainable future.

Strategic vision-setting

With a core focus on strategic vision setting, our service empowers clients to craft and refine their electrification roadmap, merging our deep-rooted expertise in transit innovation with the latest advancements in sustainable technology.

Total cost of ownership and benifits analysis

We offer an accurate estimation of the capital and operational costs to deploy vehicles, charging and refuelling infrastructure and to build or retrofit facilities. 

Site and infrastructure needs assessments

Our services offer scientifically accurate charging and refuelling strategies that incoporate on site and on route infrastructure needs and the associated costs and energy demand.

Empirical analytics and reporting

Our tools are capable of collecting, integrating and analyzing real-time operational data to compare actual performance against predicted analaysis results.

ZEB implementation and rollout planning

In depth rollout strategies that inform transit agencies of everything they need to reach their transit decarbonization and climate action goals.

Procurement planning

Our services offer a comprehensive procurement plan that provides a timeline of procurement, taking into consideration future passenger and scheduling demands. This includes everything from vehicle assets to infrastructure purchases.


Risk identification, quanitification and analysis

Our Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) provides evidenced based risk assessments and suggests best practices and risk mitigation strategies.

Lifecycle carbon emission reduction analysis

Our assessments offer insight into current and future lifecycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions measurements in various scenarios.

Social impact analysis and prioritization

We analyze and identify socio-economically disadvantaged areas, noise sensitivity, high air pollution and provide scientific and neutral reccomendations for route prioritization in these areas.


Reach Your Decarbonization
and Electrification Goals


Research Tools


RoutΣ.i TM 3.0 is the third generation of a highly sophisticated scientific modelling and technology transition planning tool that is capable of simulating the specific physical conditions that a transit bus may encounter after its deployment on a specific transit system. The new and enhanced features that RoutΣ.i TM 3.0 offer advanced and customized feasibility analysis along with zero-emission bus (ZEB) implementation and rollout planning guidance.



  • Find the most suitable technology for your transit system:
    RoutΣ.i TM 3.0 simulates different zero-emission bus  technologies, including battery-electric buses (BEBs), fuel cell electric buses (FCEBs), natural gas vehicles (NGVs) fuelled using a blend of renewable natural gas (RNG) and compressed natural gas (CNG), cutaway/shuttle vehicles and first-mile/last-mile  solutions such as low-speed autonomous shuttles (e-LSA). This newest modelling toolset offers simulation of light-duty, medium-duty and heavy-duty fleets as well.

  • Understand your Energy/Fuel Needs:
    The toolset predicts the energy/fuel utilization on each transit route/block (kWh/km, kgH2/km), the total amount of energy and fuel consumption on a daily/weekly/monthly/yearly basis.

  • Predict success rates and vehicle ranges:
    RoutΣ.i TM 3.0 pinpoints exactly the order in which various  service areas of a transit system could be considered for  electrification given current technologies and local operational demands.

  • Understand your Charging Needs and Fuelling Times:
    RoutΣ.i TM 3.0 permits the selection of the scientifically and  economically suitable charging/refuelling strategy in a system by incorporating schedule and charging optimization to support seamless electrification deployments.

  • Identify the Optimal Charger/Fuel Stations Locations:
    Detailed feasibility studies conducted with RoutΣ.i TM 3.0 are  capable of determining optimal locations for the installation of charger and/or fuelling stations considering both technical and socio-economical aspects.

  • Plan the ZEB rollout, estimate your total cost of ownership (TCO) and return on investment (ROI):
    The in-depth analysis performed with the RoutΣ.i TM 3.0 toolset permits transit operators to have an accurate estimation of the capital costs to deploy vehicles, charging/refuelling infrastructure and to build/retrofit facilities. CUTRIC offers site assessments as a part of ZEB implementation planning that considers existing facility’s status, capacity and resilience to accommodate ZEB technology and the allied infrastructure and utility requirements. Operational costs with energy/fuel and maintenance are also included so that the potential savings are used to estimate an ROI timeline. Along with technical planning, CUTRIC conducts needs, risk, cost and benefits assessments for transit agencies planning ZEB implementation.

  • Electrification Planning:
    RoutΣ.i TM 3.0 is able to classify the blocks/routes based on their  level of difficulty of electrification. Gradual fleet electrification (phased rollout) is recommended by combining the modelling results with the replacement cycles envisioned by the transit

  • Lifecycle GHG emission reductions:
    The RoutΣ.i TM 3.0 toolset involves a full life cycle analysis (LCA) to estimate the potential GHG emission reductions that will be accomplished when transitioning from fossil-fuel-powered vehicles to ZEBs.

CUTRIC’s deCarbonify™ tool helps transit agencies determine how their transit agency compares to other Canadian transit systems today in terms of energy intensity and pollution. Offering transit agencies a measurement of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) emissions, the tool measures CO2e/passenger, CO2e/revenue km, CO2e/total service kms (including deadheading), CO2e/service area density unit and CO2e/vehicle measures.

CUTRIC’s deCarbonify™ can also offer additional relative pollution measures such as CO2e per passenger per revenue kilometre.


These measurements help transit agencies determine whether reducing emissions is achieved faster or more substantially using alternative propulsion vehicles, improved route optimization, improved service area design or ridership improvement programs.



  • Measures GHG emissions in various scenarios

ZEVMapper™ helps cities and municipalities determine the potential, required and optimal locations for their electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE), or “EV charging station” installations.

The tool uses original methodological insights to determine optimal EVSE locations based on the needs of residents, commuters and through-traffic into and out of a community. It also integrates local and global EV adoption rates to assess the need for growth in charging stations over the next five to 20-year period.

Based on early research conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy’s plug-in electric vehicle infrastructure studies (The EV Project and the ChargePoint America Project), ZEVMapper™ utilizes three categories of variables in calculating and mapping ideal EV charging locations: optimal location variables, installation cost variables and EV driver charging patterns. The tool also maps specific siting choices including long-term parking opportunities (Level 1 & 2), special applications for Level 2 and highway intersectionality (Level 3).

ZEVMapper™ produces outcomes in a “Best Case – Worst Case” scenario assessment which identifies the total number of EV chargers required at a given location or within a given service area to fully satisfy charging needs based on range capabilities of various makes and models of vehicles, drive cycles associated with EV drivers (including commuters, tourists and residents), and minimum required time to charge and “return to home base” for overnight charging.



  • Optimal charging locations
  • Route optimization

CloudTransit™ 2.0 is the second generation of CUTRIC’s cloud-based platform designed to collect, integrate, analyze, and report on real time operational data, lessons learned, challenges, risks and issues associated with the deployment and operation of zero emission buses (ZEBs) and allied infrastructure.


As part of the Pan-Canadian Battery Electric Bus Demonstration and Integration Trial Phase I project that CUTRIC leads, CloudTransit™ 2.0 enables performance data integration and comparisons involving various data sources and assets across multiple transit systems, cities and utility partners.


  • National zero-emission bus data dashboard (OPTA Dashboard and ACES Data Trust)
  • Analysis of actual performance against predicted analysis results

RouteE.i Social is a social impact analytics tool that CUTRIC uses to identify and analyze socio-economically disadvantaged areas, noise sensitivity, high air pollution and contaminant areas within the city or a community where zero-emission buses should be introduced. This tool allows CUTRIC to provide scientific and neutral recommendations on which routes should be prioritized from a technological and social standpoint.


  • Identify and map noise-sensitive areas such as school zones, long-term care homes and hospitals along bus routes


  • Compare decibel levels of battery electric buses vs. diesel buses to map out noise-sensitive areas


  • Identify and map out the economic statuses of local community populations at a neighbourhood or ward level


  • Identify and map out the social impacts of air pollution or contamination (based on available PM and NOx reading standards per city or province) along bus route.


  • Identify and map neighborhoods with poor health and low average life expectancy by postal code, or neighborhood


  • Identify and map out the significant routes, with the most beneficial socio-economic impacts, to deploy zero-emission buses

A data-driven, empirically validated tool to simulate the performance of zero-emission truck applications that could revolutionize the medium to heavy-duty truck industry.


  • Simulate the performance of battery electric and hydrogen fuel cell truck applications for medium and heavy-duty platforms

  • Prepare the economic, environmental, technical and social business case to transition the truck industry to zero-emissions

A performance simulation tool for modelling the energy transition for school buses.


  • Quantify and report on the technical requirements for transitioning from fossil fuel powered systems to zero-emissions and strategize the rollout

  • Substantiate the business case from technical, social, public health, environmental lenses

RoutE.iRail™ is a data-driven, empirically validated tool for modelling the energy transition for electrified trains, including both battery-electric and hydrogen-propelled rail systems.


Applications / Capabilities

  • Quantify and report on the technical requirements for a transition from fossil fuel-powered rail systems to zero-emissions propulsion technologies, including strategic planning for implementation and rollouts of new assets over extended time periods (i.e. 20 years and beyond). 


  • Prepare the economic, environmental, technological and social business case to transition the rail industry to zero-emissions technologies.

  • Predict the energy and fuel utilization on each rail route/run, the total amount of energy and fuel consumption on a daily/weekly/monthly/yearly basis, and efficiencies in propulsion solutions across those routes and runs. 

  • Classify track routes and runs based on their level of difficulty of electrification. Gradual fleet electrification (a phased rollout) is recommended by combining the modelling results with replacement cycles envisioned by the rail operator and/or owner.

RoutE.iWorkforce™ is a data-driven, analytics tool that identifies the strategic and technical human resource needs for a carbon-neutral transition at public transit agencies, including rail operators.



  • Quantify and report on workforce and labour costs for a partial or full skills transition on staff over a multi-year period, including assessing training considerations when transitioning from fossil-fuelled vehicles to zero emissions vehicles.
  • Determine the essential skill sets required to be on a “ZEV transition team”. 

  • Make recommendations for programs that focus on delivering knowledge on the latest advancements, safety protocols, and best practices in eco-friendly transportation.
Our Projects