Pan-Canadian Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Bus Demonstration and Integration Trial

The Pan-Canadian Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Bus Demonstration and Integration Trial is a national, multi-year project supporting the deployment of Canadian-developed Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Buses (FCEBs). It has been merged with CUTRIC’s Zero Emissions Bus Committee to support the joint procurement of ZEBs to reduce costs, and the sharing of information and knowledge.

Phase 1 of the project involves putting FCEBs into use on Canadian roads. In this trial, Canada’s manufacturers are working with cities and academic researchers to achieve the following:

  • Launch and monitor 10 FCEBs for a full lifecycle (up to 18 years)
  • Design and use low-emissions hydrogen fueling stations and fueling networks, based on the green model of Enbridge-Cummins in Markham, Ontario

The trial will establish a model for deploying FCEBs in three to four cities in the Greater Toronto and Hamilton areas, leading to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in the region, and the establishment of a scale model for the production and consumption of hydrogen to achieve eventual price parity with diesel. Hydrogen generation (using rapid-response electrolysis) could be an effective solution for storing and balancing surplus power on the grid.

CUTRIC is working with the City of Mississauga to achieve the following as part of the trial:

  • Deploy Canadian-developed FCEBs on Canadian roads
  • Establish a green hydrogen supply chain
  • Conduct life cycle cost analysis
  • Track and monitor lifecycle bus and fuelling systems performance

Intellectual Property and Research Outcomes

CUTRIC has recruited seven universities and colleges for our National Academic Committee for Zero-Emissions Buses for research related to alternate transit systems, including cybersecurity, performance, design, and consumer acceptance. We expect outcomes that:

  • Show how FCEBs operate on roads and along routes, including how much hydrogen they consume
  • Assess the cybersecurity of the buses
  • Show how FCEBs can be deployed and operated more economically than diesel buses
  • Design standards for harmonized hydrogen fuelling systems operations for heavy-duty vehicles

CUTRIC has created an academic advisory committee composed of three research institutes that conduct research related to FCEBs and hydrogen fuelling systems, including their operation, design, and consumer acceptance.

The aim of the National Academic Committee for Zero Emissions Buses is to:

  • Develop CloudTransit™ for cloud-based data storage and analysis to measure and assess real-time operations, improve specifications for buying, and share data across cities
  • Compare actual performance with potential performance, nationally and regionally, for Canadian standards for heavy-duty fuel-cell vehicles, fuelling, and storage
  • Reduce hydrogen costs for transit agencies and connect hydrogen production networks

Project Manager

Saumya Bhavsar ([email protected])

Industry Partners

Transit Partners


Post-Secondary Partners

Canadian Nuclear Laboratories (CNL) Centennial College York University